Sequential Switching Circuits

Table of Contents


Combinational Logic Circuits vs. Sequential Logic Circuits 

General Form of a Sequential Circuit 

Synchronous and Asynchronous Circuits

Short Quiz


 

Combinational Logic Circuits Vs Sequential Logic Circuits


Combinational logic refers to circuits whose output is a function of the present value of the inputs only.

As soon as inputs are changed, the information about the previous inputs is lost, that is, combinational logic circuits have no memory

Sequential logic circuits are those whose outputs are also dependent upon past inputs, and hence outputs. In other words the output of a sequential circuit may depend upon its previous outputs and so in effect has some form of "memory"

 The mathematical model of a sequential circuit is usually referred to as a sequential machine  


General Form of a Sequential Circuit


 

The general block diagram of a sequential switching circuit is shown below:

Sequential circuits are basically combinational circuits with the additional properties of storage (to remember past inputs) and feedback. (see fig. 1).

Note that the output Z is a function of inputs x and internal states y.